History of Communist Party 1920-2020

Once Again on the Formation of CPI - 5

From this issue onwards, we will publishing the column on the centenary of the Communist Party formation, every week

WITH the CPI(M) conducting a year-long observance of the 100th anniversary of the formation of the Communist Party of India on October 17, 1920 in Tashkent, the issue of the actual date of the formation of the party has come up again.  It is well-known that the CPI considers the Kanpur Communist Conference of December 26, 1925 as the foundation date of the Communist Party of India.

Kanpur Communist Conference - 1925

THE Kanpur communist conference held from December 26 to 28, 1925, was the first meeting on Indian soil, where almost all the communist groups and elements had joined. The idea of holding a conference involving different groups at Kanpur during the Congress session was first announced by Satyabhakta, who was not a member of any communist group of that period, in a leaflet dated June 18, 1925. Maulana Hasrat Mohani was the chairman of the reception committee for the conference.

M N Roy: Pioneering Communist

MANABENDRA Nath Roy, popularly known as M N Roy, was an important figure in the early days of the Communist movement in India.  Roy was the initiator of the formation of the Communist Party in Tashkent in October 1920.  He played a pioneering role in spreading Marxist ideas and the role of a Communist Party amongst the fledgling Communist groups which emerged in India from 1921 onwards.

A Centenary of Glorious Struggles and Contributions

THE century, since the formation of the Communist Party of India, constitutes a glorious chapter in the history of modern India – a history of fierce struggles, immense sacrifices of countless revolutionaries during the freedom struggle and subsequently, and significant contributions in bringing people’s issues on to the national agenda.  From its very inception, the Communists provided a scientific materialist analysis of contemporary, evolving developments and forwarding solutions needed to improve both people’s livelihood and political structures in independent India.  This was based on

Formation of CPI in Tashkent

The glorious history of the Communist movement in India begins with formation of the Communist Party of India in Tashkent on October 17, 1920. Here in this fortnightly column, we trace the saga of landmark events, struggles, sacrifices and important policy decisions in the history of the Party in the past 100 years.

ON October 17, 1920 a meeting was held in Tashkent, the capital of the then Turkistan Republic of the Soviet Union to announce the formation of the Communist Party of India.


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