History of Communist Party 1920-2020

Formation of the All India Centre-XII

THE internal situation in India during the late 1920s and early 1930s was quite complex. The repercussions of the Great Depression that engulfed the entire capitalist world were very painful to Indian people, because the British imperialists tried to resolve the crisis faced by their own country, at the expense of Indian people. Consequently, protests and anger against British rule further intensified and became more widespread.

General Statement of the Meerut Accused

EIGHTEEN communists among the accused in the Meerut Conspiracy Case decided to address a general statement to the court elaborating the principles for which they are fighting. The general statement originally a document running over 400 pages was formally introduced by RS Nimbkar on December 2, 1931 and completed on January 18, 1932. SA Dange, gave a separate statement, as he was not a member of the Communist Party at that time (suspended from the Party for indiscipline).

Challenging Imperialism from the Dock – Meerut Conspiracy Case

THE Meerut Conspiracy Case (1929) is a landmark in the history of India’s national liberation struggle. It came at a time when the entire capitalist world was reeling under the Great Depression, whereas, the newly born socialist State of Soviet Russia was making tremendous advances. During this period, militant working class struggles, majority of which were led by communists and revolutionaries, reached a new high.

Once Again on the Formation of CPI - 5

From this issue onwards, we will publishing the column on the centenary of the Communist Party formation, every week

WITH the CPI(M) conducting a year-long observance of the 100th anniversary of the formation of the Communist Party of India on October 17, 1920 in Tashkent, the issue of the actual date of the formation of the party has come up again.  It is well-known that the CPI considers the Kanpur Communist Conference of December 26, 1925 as the foundation date of the Communist Party of India.

Kanpur Communist Conference - 1925

THE Kanpur communist conference held from December 26 to 28, 1925, was the first meeting on Indian soil, where almost all the communist groups and elements had joined. The idea of holding a conference involving different groups at Kanpur during the Congress session was first announced by Satyabhakta, who was not a member of any communist group of that period, in a leaflet dated June 18, 1925. Maulana Hasrat Mohani was the chairman of the reception committee for the conference.

M N Roy: Pioneering Communist

MANABENDRA Nath Roy, popularly known as M N Roy, was an important figure in the early days of the Communist movement in India.  Roy was the initiator of the formation of the Communist Party in Tashkent in October 1920.  He played a pioneering role in spreading Marxist ideas and the role of a Communist Party amongst the fledgling Communist groups which emerged in India from 1921 onwards.

A Centenary of Glorious Struggles and Contributions

THE century, since the formation of the Communist Party of India, constitutes a glorious chapter in the history of modern India – a history of fierce struggles, immense sacrifices of countless revolutionaries during the freedom struggle and subsequently, and significant contributions in bringing people’s issues on to the national agenda.  From its very inception, the Communists provided a scientific materialist analysis of contemporary, evolving developments and forwarding solutions needed to improve both people’s livelihood and political structures in independent India.  This was based on

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