Paris Climate Summit: How Long Will the Euphoria Last?
Tikender Singh Panwar
IT seemed that Paris would bring nations together to lay their commitment to climate change and reducing the carbon emission to ensure that there is a reduction of global greenhouse gases (GHG) to levels keeping average surface temperature rise to “well below 2 degrees Celsius” above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. Finally the agreement was for 1.5 degrees Celsius. But is that true? Is this going to happen? The world leaders cheered about the outcome of the COP21 which continued for about two weeks, but how long is this going to last? Will this be enough to meet the standards and mitigate the disastrous effects? Whereas there is no second option about the urgency and necessity for reaching an agreement but how far will it address the issues is still to be seen.
The foremost issue about the
The economies that are developing require energy to meet their basic requirements. For example, the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) from India mentioned that the need to provide clean drinking water is still a task and 90 million (nine crore) people are out of it. Similarly more that 60 per cent of the houses are still to be constructed, and for every bag of cement to be used requires 800 kilos of CO2 for 1m3 of construction. So the task is immense and the need too is large.
So this happens to be the necessary requirement for developing nations to ensure that they march with the pace of development but with relatively low carbon development strategies. But how is that going to happen? That happens only if they have the technologies for alternative development. For example,
So to balance this, the concept of CBDR was undertaken but historically the developed nations have refused to let down their emission levels and also have not transferred the technology and the support required in the developing nations. The focus here has to be to not only reduce their emissions but to compensate for the historic loss they have brought about in their pace of development. Hence they must bear the burden of CBDR. Are they prepared to reduce their emissions and contribute financially to the green economy for the developing world. The answer will require in-depth analysis. Let us understand who owns the energy sector in the industrial countries? Is it the state or the private capital?
The private capital owns a sizable volume of the energy sector worldwide. So any discussion about reducing the consumption of fossil fuels also means a reduction in their profits. Will that happen or will they who control the chain be prepared for it. The answer is for all to assess the objective world. The companies that presently control the energy sector would certainly be controlling the production of renewable technology as well. Or may be some more may add to the present lot. So why do they not do it. One simple reason happens to be that for this it requires a large support of the state which will follow in the years to come.
There is a strong relationship between the capital and the whole gamut of renewable energy sector. A recent article on People’s Democracy (http://peoplesdemocracy.in/2015/1213_pd/capital-and-problem-global-warming) aptly explains the relationship between capital and the
We know the final “cheers” and the outcome of
People, Planet & Peace over Profit
There was another interesting meeting that took place in
The charter that she introduced with her team says that the
Another important slogan being raised in the campaign happens to be to shift from ‘war heads to wind heads’. The
The global agenda shall be for technology transfer and nationalising energy resources. Jill further explained that the community is being widened for this ambitious strategy and many state and non-state actors are being mobilised for the same.
Apart from this, the COP21 also saw many progressive and democratic people within the open space and in different parts of the city. Philanthropists, passionate people from different parts shared their stories: Two cyclists -- one from
The cities too had their own pavilion where they focused on a shift from millennium development goals to sustainable development goals (SDGs). John Clos, the executive director of UN Habitat, very aptly and vehemently stated that unless a look at sustainable urbanisation is made, we cannot have SDGs a possibility and for that the present system of economy (world capitalism) has no solutions. Other speakers focused on the strong relationship in governance, climate change and the socio-economic system prevailing in their cities and this just does not differentiate geographically but also within the cities. Speakers from the slum international focused on the deplorable condition and worsening situation where climate change affects them the most and to make them resilient in void shall not help. Economically, they have to be given the opportunities of development. The Mayor of Bristol,